Bhutan’s development has been guided by its philosophy of gross national happiness—of striving to balance spiritual and material advancement through four pillars: sustainable and equitable economic growth and development, preservation and sustainable use of the environment, preservation and promotion of cultural heritage, and good governance.
Asia should not be dissuaded by the European challenges. Yet, Asia should not rush to integrate either.
“Inclusive growth” and “green growth” are two buzzwords that we often hear in the development sphere nowadays. This is not surprising since these two form key part of many development strategies. While Asia has done extremely well in expanding its economies in the last two to three decades, rapid growth has brought with it rising inequality—within and across countries. It has also badly damaged the environment along the way.