Asian countries should implement reforms now, while their debt is sustainable, in order to head off a debt crisis.
Countries can minimize the economic risk of epidemics by investing in the tools needed to predict disease emergence.
‘Build back better’ is often easier said than done after a disaster, but one example from the People’s Republic of China shows that it can be done well.
Small Pacific economies are particularly vulnerable to the impacts of disasters on economic growth. Special support systems need to be in place to help them respond.
From past experience we know how quickly the bursting of a privately leveraged boom cycle ends up weighing on national budgets and public debt.