An ADB economist who specializes in the areas of education, skills development and jobs, answers questions about which jobs are best suited to work-from-home arrangements, based on a recent study in Southeast Asia.
Sameer is an economist who leads preparation and implementation of ADB loans and technical assistance projects in the areas of education, skills development, social protection and jobs. Prior to joining ADB operations in Southeast Asia, he was with the Macroeconomic Division of the Research Department at ADB. His research interest is spread across areas such as impact of technology on employment, innovation and structural transformation, industrial policy, enterprise dynamics and impact of COVID-19 pandemic on labor markets. Before joining the ADB in 2017, he spent close to 10 years at the International Labor Organization. A Nepali national, he holds a PhD in Economics from the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies (IHEID) in Geneva and has a master’s degree in public policy from Harvard University. Follow him on Twitter: @Khatiwada_S
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In Southeast Asia, women workers were disproportionately affected by the pandemic. Urgent policy action is needed to address the issue and improve the welfare of women in other areas as well.
Women and young people were hit the hardest by job losses during the pandemic but some governments used innovative policies to improve the situation.
Companies deploying Fourth Industrial Revolution technologies, and investing in reskilling and upskilling for digital occupations, are likely to recover faster from the impact of the pandemic.
After a difficult year during the pandemic, there are encouraging signs that workers in the Philippines will not only find employment but thrive in the post-COVID-19 labor market.
A well-trained workforce is more likely to spur innovation at companies. Firms that provide even minimal training to employees are nearly 8 percentage points more likely to introduce a new product and implement a new process.
A flexible regulatory regime that can balance consumer protection with an openness to innovations that benefit consumers is key to regulating new technologies.