For a non-gender specialist writing on gender equity, I don’t dare pretend to know everything about gender dimensions of CCTs, but I’d like to throw questions, and may perhaps strengthen the gender equity impact of CCTs.
Sri Wening Handayani
Sri Wening is the focal point for social analysis for ADB’s projects. She provides awareness and training on social analysis, promotes knowledge on social dimensions, facilitates sharing of information on social dimensions and social protection, and supports external relations and coordination with development partners on social development, social protection, and labor issues. Prior to joining ADB, Ms. Handayani was a consultant practitioner in social development.
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The Social Protection Index is a relatively simple indicator that divides total expenditures on social protection by the total number of intended beneficiaries of ADB's social protection programs.
There is a saying if you live in Asia and don’t work in public service, you will stop working only when you die. According to the United Nations (UN 2008), many of the poor are older persons living in rural areas due to low and insufficient lifetime earnings.
There is a seemingly hidden problem for Asia in providing economic, social and emotional security for the elderly. But drawing on the experiences of more developed economies, I think there is a silver lining behind this – an opportunity if actions are taken now to provide care and to give dignity to the elderly in Asia.
Providing a decent, secure and dignified way of life for the elderly is set to become one of the most pressing concerns facing policymakers in Asia in coming years.
Social protection programs are increasingly important for supporting vulnerable groups in Asia, including the poor and elderly, but fragmented delivery of services is undermining their impact and effectiveness.
Countries in developing Asia can extend basic and robust levels of social protection to the “missing middle,” but whether there’s enough political to do so is another matter.
Governments in the region must invest in building comprehensive social protection systems for the huge number of vulnerable people who do not qualify as extremely poor and are employed in the informal sector.